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Fatimid Mosque St. Catherine A journey of detail within the Mosque of the Governor by the order of God in the monastery of St. Catherine and to identify the most important Islamic monuments in Egypt
Inside St. Catherine’s Monastery, there is an old mosque, more than 1000 years old. This raises questions about the truth about this mosque. Is it an attempt to appease Muslim rulers, prevent them from demolishing the monastery or serve the Muslims themselves who were guarding the monastery?
The mosque is the Mosque of the Governor by the command of God located inside the Monastery of St. Catherine ..
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About the Fatimid Mosque St. Catherine Mosque of the Governor by God’s command
A number of Western historians linked the construction of this Fatimid mosque in the monastery of St. Catherine with an incident that was set against the monastery to loot and destroy its treasures. Some historians said that the governor, by the order of God, wanted to destroy the monastery of St. Catherine in 1008. He sent a group of soldiers, but the monks told them that the monastery had a mosque Where the prayers are held and therefore it is forbidden to demolish it, the soldiers returned from where they came from.
This is what happened in the same year, fearing that the governor’s attempt to demolish the church again would be repeated, and that the Mosque of the Governor of Allah was launched and remained in the monastery of St. Catherine.
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Another novel says that this mosque was originally a building dating back to the sixth century AD, the date of the construction of Emperor Justinian of the monastery, and was used as a dining room.
He said monks had turned this building into a formal mosque in record time, fearing that the monastery would get any ill-health due to the sedition that existed then between Muslims and Christians.
A third novel says the monks may have agreed to turn this building into a mosque for Muslim pilgrims who were hosted by the monastery during their pilgrimage to Mecca.
The most important landmarks of the Fatimid Mosque St. Catherine are the Governor’s Mosque by God’s command
One of the most prominent features of the ancient mosque, the minaret of the mosque, where there are many Islamic texts engraved on the front and the pulpit of the mosque and written in Kufic line and consists of six lines.
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The mosque also has a chair made of wood candlestick with a text in which the name of Prince Abi Mansur Anushtkin Ameri founder of this mosque.
The mosque also has a place for wudoo ‘and another for prayer, in which the Muslim prayers were assigned to protect the monastery, as well as the Muslims who live in the suburbs of the monastery. They also carry their own supplies from the ports of Suez and the Tur and pilgrims on their way to Mecca.
Interestingly, the Christian monks took care of the mosque and repaired it throughout the ages whenever it needed restoration.
He said that the monks or Muslims involved in the mosque in South Sinai were obtaining permits from the imams and legal scholars in Egypt on the basis of a fatwa that allows the monks to restore the mosque and at their expense because it can not be restored by others.
The archive of the monastery contains references to such information, which contains Fatwas of the Azharite scholars, as well as document number 229 dating back to the nineteenth century and gives a complete picture of the affection, solidarity and solidarity between the monks and Muslims in this matter.
Date of visit to the Fatimid Mosque St. Catherine Mosque of the Governor by God
The mosque can be visited at any time during the day, but it is no longer prayed.
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